Speech-Language Pathologists (SLPs) work to prevent, assess, diagnose, and treat language, social communication, cognitive-communication, and swallowing disorders in children and adults. 

  • Speech disorders occur when a person has difficulty producing speech sounds correctly or fluently, or has problems with his/her voice or resonance. 

  • Language disorders occur when a person has trouble understanding others or sharing thoughts, ideas, and feelings. Language disorders may be spoken or written and may involve the form and/or use of language in functional and socially appropriate ways. 

  • Social communication disorders occur when a person has trouble with the social use of verbal and nonverbal communication. These disorders may include problems (a) communicating for social purposes (e.g., greeting, commenting, asking questions), (b) talking in different ways to suit the listener and setting, and (c) following rules for conversation and story-telling.

  • Cognitive-communication disorders include problems organizing thoughts, paying attention, remembering, planning and/or problem-solving. 

  • Swallowing disorders (dysphagia) are feeding and swallowing difficulties.

Additionally, FLANC offers school-based occupational therapy (OT) focused on helping students better perform the important "occupations" or activities that they need to do at school. OTs address fine motor skills (small hand movements) to improve writing, scissor skills, and using clothing fasteners. We also address social skills, attention, and emotional health by helping children organize and respond to sensory information (sight, sound, touch, body position). OT services can be given individually, in a small group, or in the classroom, typically on a weekly basis.   

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